Green tea is the second-least processed of the 5 major tea types, second only to white tea. Green tea gets its name from the color of the finished product, as well as the emerald or jade green color produced when it is brewed.
Green tea leaves are plucked from the 2 topmost leaves and the top bud of the camellia sinensis plant, pan-fried or steamed to halt oxygenation, then dried and sorted before packaging.
The flavors of green tea can vary widely, based on the method of cooking (pan-frying vs steaming), and can range from a smooth buttery flavor to smoky and savory.
Trivia about Green Tea:
Japanese green teas are typically steamed, while Chinese greens are pan-fired.
Popular Japanese greens include Sencha and Genmaicha.
Well-known Chinese green teas include Longjing and Gunpowder.
In the late 1800s, green tea was the most popular tea in the United States.
During World War II, green tea sources were unavailable. Americans began importing tea from India, which produced black tea. After the war, black tea was the most popular tea.
According to legend, green tea was first brewed in 2737 BC during the reign of Emperor Shennong.
Steeping green tea too hot or too long will result in a bitter, astringent brew, regardless of the initial quality, because it will result in the release of an excessive amount of tannins.
High-quality green teas can be and usually are steeped multiple times; two or three steepings is typical.
Green tea is the most popular form of tea in China.
Polyphenols found in green tea include epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin gallate, epicatechins and flavanols.
Green tea increases the metabolism. The polyphenol found in green tea works to intensify levels of fat oxidation and the rate at which your body turns food into calories.
Regular consumption of green tea is thought to reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Tea catechins are strong antibacterial and antiviral agents which make them effective for treating everything from influenza to cancer. In some studies green tea has been shown to inhibit the spread of many diseases.
Green tea can apparently also help with wrinkles and the signs of aging, This is because of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Both animal and human studies have demonstrated that green tea applied topically can reduce sun damage.